Common Conditions


When a person's teeth or jaws do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct the problem. If left untreated, these orthodontic problems, often referred to as malocclusions, can cause speech difficulty, premature wear of the teeth and protective enamel, and even increase the chance of injury to the teeth and jaw joints.

At Centre Orthodontics, Dr. Pnina Tepper-Adler and her team address a variety of orthodontic problems with our wide range of orthodontic treatments that includes braces and Invisalign.

Common Orthodontic Problems


underbite.pngAn underbite is characterized by the lower jaw extending too far out, causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the upper front teeth. Check out the 'Before and After - Class 3' page to view underbite cases treated by Dr. Tepper Adler.


crossbite.pngThis malocclusion occurs when the upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth, which may cause tooth stratification and misaligned jaw growth. In order to close the mouth, patients usually move their lower jaw forward or to the side when closing. This incorrect bite results in an improper use of the lower jaws and sometimes brings about facial asymmetry. Check out the 'Before and After - Crossbite' page to view crossbite cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

protrusion.pngThe appearance and function of your teeth are impacted by this type of bite. It is characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward or the lower teeth not extending far enough forward. Check out the 'Before and After - Class 2' page to view Upper Front teeth Protrusion cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.


overbite.pngWith this bite, the upper front teeth extend too far out over the lower front teeth, sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. Problems often associated with an overbite include a "gummy" smile, protruding lips, and excessive incisor wear. Check out the 'Before and After - Class 2' page to view overbite cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.


crowding.pngCrowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt from the gums. It is the most common reason patients visit our Bentleigh office for braces. Not only is crowding unattractive, but it has also been linked to periodontal problems and dental decay because it is harder to clean overlapping teeth's surfaces. Check out the 'Before and After - Crowding' page to view Crowding cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.


spacing.pngSpacing problems may be caused by missing teeth, or they may only be a cosmetic or aesthetic issue. Spacing is another popular reason to get braces at Centre Orthodontics. The opposite of crowding, spacing is most commonly caused by excessive jaw room for the size of the erupting teeth. Check out the 'Before and After - Spacing' page to view Spacing cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.


openbite.pngProper chewing is impacted by this type of bite, in which the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap. Openbite may cause a number of unwanted habits, such as tongue thrusting or thumb sucking. An early orthodontic evaluation by Dr. Tepper-Adler, your local Melbourne orthodontist, and treatment intervention is essential in correcting an openbite. Check out the 'Before and After - Openbite' page to view openbite cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.

Dental Midlines not Matched

midlines.pngDental midlines that do not match are evident when the back bite does not fit and match appropriately. This may negatively impact jaw function and proper dental function. Check out the 'Before and After - Midline Shift' page to view Midline Shift cases treated by Dr Tepper Adler.

Contact Your Melbourne Orthodontist

If you’d like to learn more about how Centre Orthodontics can treat these orthodontic problems, please contact our Melbourne area office at (03) 9557-8911. If you’d like to visit our Bentleigh orthodontics office for an orthodontic evaluation, we encourage you to fill out our online appointment request form. We look forward to helping you achieve your best smile, no matter your orthodontic situation!